Medical Conditions

Melasma

  • Melasma is a skin condition that presents itself on the body, usually the face, in gray or brown spots on the skin. Melasma is also known as chloasma or the mask of pregnancy. It is not a harmful disease, but can severely affect a person’s cosmetic appearance.

About

Melasma

Melasma is a skin condition that presents itself on the body, usually the face, in gray or brown spots on the skin. Melasma is also known as chloasma or the mask of pregnancy. It is not a harmful disease, but can severely affect a person’s cosmetic appearance.

Causes

The cause of melasma is not certain, however, too much sun, changes in hormones, and certain cosmetic products will irritate the condition. Melasma is more common in women then men, and usually occurs during the second or third trimester of pregnancy. It may also develop in persons taking oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy, or excessive sun exposure.

Risk Factors

Women, individuals with darker skin tones and those with affected family members, are most at risk for developing melasma.

Symptoms

The only symptom of melasma is having brown, gray, or discolored patches on the skin.

Diagnosis

A doctor will need to examine your skin to diagnose melasma. A skin biopsy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.

*Source:

American Academy of Dermatology

Treatment

Treatment

Melasma may not always need treatment as some spots will go away in time or with the change of hormones. However, if necessary, a doctor can prescribe certain topical creams and medications. If this does not work, a dermatological procedure, such as a chemical peel or dermabrasion, may be performed. Some laser treatments can also reduce the effects of melasma.

Prevention

There is no real prevention for melasma other than proper skin care, such as wearing sunscreen and practicing other forms of safe skincare.

*Source:

American Academy of Dermatology

Videos

Melasma Videos
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